React usestate hook not updating

Hooks are a new addition in React They let you use state and other React features without writing a class. The introduction page used this example to get familiar with Hooks:. But you can use them instead of writing classes. Our new example starts by importing the useState Hook from React:. What is a Hook? For example, useState is a Hook that lets you add React state to function components.

When would I use a Hook? If you write a function component and realize you need to add some state to it, previously you had to convert it to a class. Now you can use a Hook inside the existing function component. In a class, we initialize the count state to 0 by setting this.

Instead, we call the useState Hook directly inside our component:. What does calling useState do? Our variable is called count but we could call it anything else, like banana. What do we pass to useState as an argument? The only argument to the useState Hook is the initial state. In our example, we just want a number for how many times the user clicked, so pass 0 as initial state for our variable. If we wanted to store two different values in state, we would call useState twice.

What does useState return? It returns a pair of values: the current state and a function that updates it. This is similar to this.Hooks are a new addition in React They let you use state and other React features without writing a class. This snippet is based on the counter example from the previous pagebut we added a new feature to it: we set the document title to a custom message including the number of clicks.

Data fetching, setting up a subscription, and manually changing the DOM in React components are all examples of side effects. Sometimes, we want to run some additional code after React has updated the DOM. We say that because we can run them and immediately forget about them. It would be too early — we typically want to perform our effects after React has updated the DOM. Coming back to our example, here is a React counter class component that updates the document title right after React makes changes to the DOM:.

react usestate hook not updating

Note how we have to duplicate the code between these two lifecycle methods in class. This is because in many cases we want to perform the same side effect regardless of whether the component just mounted, or if it has been updated.

We could extract a separate method but we would still have to call it in two places. What does useEffect do? By using this Hook, you tell React that your component needs to do something after render. In this effect, we set the document title, but we could also perform data fetching or call some other imperative API.

Why is useEffect called inside a component? Placing useEffect inside the component lets us access the count state variable or any props right from the effect.

Does useEffect run after every render? By default, it runs both after the first render and after every update. We will later talk about how to customize this.

React guarantees the DOM has been updated by the time it runs the effects. We declare the count state variable, and then we tell React we need to use an effect. We pass a function to the useEffect Hook. This function we pass is our effect.September 9, 8 min read Before I detail my current frustrations with Hooks I do want to state for the record that I am, for the most part, a fan of Hooks. I often hear that the main reason for the existence of Hooks is to replace class components.

Hooks are a new addition in React They let you use state, and other React features without writing a class. For my money, Hooks allow us to address cross-cutting concerns in a much more elegant way than the previous patterns such as mixinshigher-order components and render props. Functionality like logging and authentication are not component-specific, and Hooks allow us to attach this type of reusable behavior to components.

There is something beautiful and pure about the notion of a stateless component that takes some props and returns a React element. It is a pure function and as such, side effect free.

Unfortunately, the lack of side effects makes these stateless components a bit limited, and in the end, something somewhere must manipulate state.

In React, this generally meant that side effects are added to stateful class components. These class components, often called container components, execute the side effects and pass props down to these pure stateless component functions. There are several well-documented problems with the class-based lifecycle events. One of the biggest complaints is that you often have to repeat logic in componentDidMount and componentDidUpdate.

With Hooks, this side effect code can be handled in one place using the effect Hook. The useEffect Hook is a considerable improvement, but this is a big step away from the pure stateless functions we previously had.

Which brings me to my first frustration. For the record, I am a year-old React fanboy. The problem with useEffect and friends is that it exists nowhere else in the JavaScript landscape. It is unusual and has quirks, and the only way for me to become proficient and iron out these quirks is to use it in the real world and experience some pain. No tutorial using counters is going to get me into the flow. I am a freelancer and use other frameworks apart from React, and this gives me fatigue.

The useEffect Hook can take an optional second argument called the dependencies array which allows you to optimize when React would execute the effect callback. React will make a comparison between each of the values via Object. If any of the elements are different than the last render cycle, then the effect will be run against the new values.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.

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Sign in to your account. I create a functional component and in this component, I am using the useState hook, the second useState [data,updateData] hook contains an array of objects and I am displaying all items in the component. With each rendered item there is button and onClick of this button I take the id of item and update the name of that particular item and assign newly updated array to "updateData" method that will update data of useState hook.

But now the issue is that array is going update data but changes are not reflecting in view. If I make the below replace the code of "updateStateData" method with below code then its work fine. The state updater returned by useState will not rerender the component's children if you set a new value that equals the current value.

This Class component code is similar to our functional hook component. But in this class component changes are rerender but not in functional hook component.

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Does react uses the Object. I'm not sure on the exact reasoning, but yes, class components behave differently. Class components will rerender even if the next state equals the previous state. Also, the state of a class component must be an object and supports shallow merging during updates. Contrastingly, useState does not require the state to be an object and will not shallowly merge the next state onto the previous state while updating.

React encourages an immutable approach to ensure consistency, especially between renders. I'd go further and rewrite your handler to. Skip to content.

react usestate hook not updating

Dismiss Join GitHub today GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Sign up. New issue. Jump to bottom. Copy link Quote reply. This comment has been minimized. Sign in to view. Why this behavior is different from Class component.

ReactJS Tutorial - 7 - Hooks Update

JandenMa mentioned this issue Jun 11, If the state is an array of object, it seems cannot listen the state updating when I modify any object Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub.

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Why React setState/useState does not update immediately

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react usestate hook not updating

Reload to refresh your session. You signed out in another tab or window. This isn't a bug or a feature request, so I'm closing this issue.Does it feel like when you call this. React this. So the process to update React state is asynchronous for performance reasons. The second parameter this. How do you perform an action after React.

To perform side effects after state has change, you must use the React. The first React. Since there are no dependencies, it only gets triggered once. But in the second React. Any time my state variablecounterchanges in value, then the second React.

So it behaves like the React componentDidUpdate lifecycle. The most affordable way to get all the basics for your WordPress website.

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Hey, here at Linguine Code, we want to teach you everything we know about React. Our only question is, are you in? The answer React this. So how do you perform an action after state has changed? This callback function will get triggered when React state has finished updating. Use React useEffect after state has changed React. That hook function will only activate if the values in the list change.

Do you want more React articles? Linguine Code. About Blog Work with me.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Have a question about this project? Sign up for a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and the community. Already on GitHub? Sign in to your account. Do you want to request a feature or report a bug? Hooks Clarification.

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What is the current behavior? I'm trying to understand the lifecycle of useState. I have a mock application using a mock websocket. Every second, it sends a new message from the backend.

The new message is meant to be appended to an array using useState. Example 1 In this exampleif I set the websocket's onmessage function once in useEffectthen whenever I call setMessages to update the messages array, the messages array I receive as an input is empty. Example 2 If, however, I set the onmessage function on every render as in this examplethen I get my full array with data appended as I would expect.

In the receiveMessage function, my messages array is the whole array instead of an empty one in this example. Example 3 BUT, if I assign a new reference to messagesas in this exampleand re-assign the value inside receiveMsgthen I don't have to re-assign the onmessage function over and over. Example 4 But, if I assign a new reference and don't re-assign to it, as in this exampleI continue ending up with an empty array. This suggests it's the assignment back to msgRef that is keeping the entire array within the closure.

What is the expected behavior? My original expectation was that example 1 would work. I can tell there's something I'm not totally understanding about the way the assignment of variables to closure works with this hook, but I'm struggling to define what exactly's going on. Can someone shed some light on why this works this way? Did this work in previous versions of React? Function components capture the values that they rendered with.

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That includes effects capturing state that belongs to that render. So what happens in your initial example is that:. Any time new message is received, the socket handling it is the one created in first render.

That socket uses receiveMsg from first render which itself sees messages from the first render.

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You want to enqueue an update based on its current state. That's what the "updater form" of setState does:. As a side note, socket isn't really "state". It's a mutable object that you want to lazily create. Thanks so much gaearon!

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Thank you so much for the detailed explanation and remedy - just ran into this exact issue, it was even a chat UI! Awesome gaearon! Skip to content. Dismiss Join GitHub today GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.

Sign up.Up until React The useState hook lets you add state to function components. By calling React.

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But with hooks, the state can be any type you want — you can useState with an array, useState an object, a number, a boolean, a string, whatever you need. Each call to useState creates a single piece of state, holding a single value of any type.

Try out the working example in this CodeSandbox! The first element is the current value of the state, and the second element is a state setter function — just call it with a new value, and the state will be set and the component will re-render. But what is this function doing, really? If it gets called every render and it does!

The first call to useState is stored in the first array element, the second call in the second element, and so on. And moreover, the act of rendering a component is not just a function call. Just like a Fitbit.

A guide to useState in React

Every time you take a step, simply click the button. At the end of the day, it will tell you how many steps you took. We have an increment function to increase the step counter. React calls that function with the previous value of the state, and whatever you return will replace the state with a new value.

The argument is called prevState in the example but you can name it anything. This is very different from how this. Also, just to note, this example uses const and an arrow function instead of the function from the last example.

I wanted to show that either way works. You can see it works pretty much the same as calling useState once. Each call creates a new piece of state and a setter for that state, and we store those in variables.

Best Practices With React Hooks

When the user types into the inputs, the onChange handler is called. To store multiple values in useState, you have to put them into a single object, and be careful about how you update the state.

Then we have a function to handle the submission, which does a preventDefault to avoid a page refresh and prints out the form values. We called the updater setStatebut you can call it whatever you like. The updateField function is where the real work happens. It calls setState and passes an object, but it must be sure to copy in the existing state with Try taking out the At the bottom we have a pretty standard-looking chunk of JSX to render the form and its inputs.

This way you can avoid having to write a handler function for each field. If you have complex state, then storing multiple values in useState can get cumbersome.

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